Im Senckenberg BiK-F-Seminar werden monatlich für Senckenberg BiK-F relevante Themen externer Gäste vorgestellt und diskutiert.
Zeit: Donnerstags, 11 - 12 Uhr
Ort: BiK-F-Gebäude, Georg-Voigt-Straße 14-16, Raum 1.15 (Wallace)
Themen im Wintersemester 2016:
Prof. Björn Lindahl, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala
Ectomycorrhizal decomposers - a defining functional guild of boreal forests
Organic matter in soils is commonly assumed to be decomposed by saprotrophic microorganism as a source of metabolic carbon. In contrast, we have found that in the mor layers of boreal forests, decomposition seems to be carried out primarily by mycorrhizal fungi-symbiotic biotrophs that obtain sugar directly from their plant hosts and exploit organic matter primarily as a source of nitrogen. Decomposition by ectomycorrhizal fungi enables tight nutrient cycling and may be a defining characteristic of the strongly nutrient limited boreal forest biomes.
Björn Lindahl is professor of Soil biology at the Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences. Starting as a mycologist, he has adopted molecular techniques to analyse fungal communities, but also broadened into ecosystem ecology, with a particular focus on the pivotal role of fungi in decomposition and nutrient cycling in forest soils.
17. November 2016
Dr. Pierre Taberlet, Grenoble-Alpes University, Grenoble
Environmental DNA and biodiversity
Since a few years, we focus on the analysis of environmental DNA that is extracted from soil, water, or air, without first isolating any target organisms. We implemented an approach called "DNA metabarcoding". It corresponds to the high-throughput and simultaneous taxa identification based on a very short but informative DNA fragment. Several results concerning diet analysis, biodiversity surveys, and reconstruction of past ecosystems will be presented.
[This seminar begins at 10h and takes place in Lecture Hall (“Hörsaal”)]
Pierre Taberlet is a senior scientist in the “Laboratoire d’Ecologie Alpine” (Grenoble). He is heavily involved in the field of molecular ecology. Since about 10 years, he has been working on environmental DNA and is author or co-author of more than 200 scientific publications in peer-reviewed journals. He is currently editor of Molecular Ecology, Molecular Ecology Resources and Science Advances, and he received the Molecular Ecology Prize in 2007.
Prof. Dr. Eric Coissac, Grenoble-Alpes University, Grenoble
From barcodes to genomes: extending the concept of DNA barcoding
Biodiversity is now commonly described by DNA based methods. In 2003, the initiative for the barcoding of life has promoted these methods by providing a simple way to tag species relying on the ideas of standardization, quality controls and minimalism. Almost 15 years after the beginning of this adventure, can we reconsider what could be the new standard keeping the same constraints of high quality and minimalist and propose the genome skimming as the next-generation DNA barcode?
[This seminar takes place in Lecture Hall (“Hörsaal”)]
Eric Coissac is associate professor of bioinformatics at the “Laboratoire d’Ecologie Alpine” (Grenoble). He has been working in genomics since the beginning of this research field, and was involved in the first sequencing of an eucaryote genome. For ten years, he has been co-developing DNA based biodiversity assessment methods and the software required to analyze such data at LECA with Pierre Taberlet. Today he is managing the bioinformatics of the PhyloAlps project aiming to genome skim the complete alpine flora.
19. Januar 2017
Prof. Armin Grunwald, Institute for Technology Assessment and systems analysis (ITAS), University of Karlsruhe
The Future Earth Program – Motivation, Design, Status, and Perspectives
The Future Earth program is the successor of the former research programs on Global Change (IHDP, IGDP, BIODIVERSITAS). Its mission is to bundle research in order to provide solutions to sustainability problems. Key notions of its design are co-design of the research agenda and co-production of knowledge by involving stakeholders. The presentation gives an overview of the basic rationales behind Future Earth, introduces its governance and explains the status reached so far.
Armin Grunwald, Professor, received his PhD 1987 at Cologne University in Physics. He has been director of the Institute for Technology Assessment and systems analysis (ITAS) at Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) since 1999, director of the Office of Technology Assessment at the German Bundestag (TAB) since 2002 and full professor of philosophy at KIT since 2007. His working areas include technology assessment, ethics of technology, and sustainable development.
09. Februar 2017
Jun. Prof. Dr. Berta Martina-Lopez, Leuphana University of Lüneburg
Beyond dualism in biodiversity conservation: recognizing the diversity of values, institutions and knowledge systems
Conservation biology has evolved on the basis of how relationships between people and nature are framed, moving from safeguarding species toward an integrated perspective social-ecological systems. Under the social-ecological systems framework, three conservation challenges emerge that are related with the acknowledgement of the diversity of (1) biodiversity values, (2) institutions, and (3) knowledge systems. The Intergovernmental Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES) allows to further explore this framing as it acknowledges the principles of value-pluralism and diversity of knowledge systems.
Berta Martín-López (PhD) is junior professor at the Institute of Ethics and Transdisciplinary Sustainability Research in Leuphana University of Lüneburg (Germany). Her research interests focus on analyzing the dynamics of social-ecological systems with a particular interest in the ecological, social and economic components of ecosystem service science. She is member of the Scientific Steering Committees of Future Earth Programs: ecoSERVICES and the Programme for Ecosystem Change and Society (PECS).
Übersicht alle Seminare Herbst/ Winter 2016/ 2017 [Download PDF]
Themen der vorherigen Semester:
Übersicht alle Seminare Frühjahr/ Sommer 2016 [Download PDF]
Übersicht alle Seminare Herbst/ Winter 2015/2016 [Download PDF]
Übersicht alle Seminare Frühjahr/ Sommer 2015 [Download PDF]
Übersicht alle Seminare Herbst/Winter Sommer 2014/2015 [Download PDF]
Übersicht alle Seminare Frühjahr/ Sommer 2014 [Download PDF]
Übersicht alle Seminare Herbst/ Winter 2013 / 2014 [Download PDF]
Übersicht alle Seminare Herbst/ Winter 2014/2015 [Download PDF]
Übersicht alle Seminare Frühjahr / Sommer 2013 [Download PDF]
Übersicht alle Seminare Herbst / Winter 2012 / 2013 [Download PDF]
Übersicht alle Seminare Frühjahr / Sommer 2012 (Download PDF)
Falls Sie weitere Informationen wünschen, kontaktieren Sie bitte Steffen Pauls (firstname.lastname@example.org).