E3: DATA CENTRE

Large amounts of biodiversity and remote sensing data are already available for certain geographical focus areas (Hesse, Central Europe, Africa, North Sea, NW Indian Ocean, Red Sea). Additionally, numerous climate measurements, time series of climate projections and climate control runs of various climate models are provided. Their fast availability, linkage with other data and safeguarding of continuously collected data is essential for excellent research. The data centre implements these important service functions in cooperation with the Senckenberg and Goethe University IT departments. Furthermore, it is concerned with the contents, e.g. the syntactic and semantic integrity of the stored data and the development of quality measures, quality control algorithms, definitions, indicators, etc.

The project areas A-C and the subprojects E1 and E2 are provided with climate observations, global and regional climate simulations. Meteorological observation data are acquired in close cooperation with DWD, EUMETSAT and other partners. Climate simulations are generated as a service of subproject E1 (for paleo- and non-European studies) or refined from existing regional climate projections (e.g. WETTREG, STAR, CLM, REMO; ENSEMBLES) in collaboration with the DWD. Enormous amounts of data need to be treated according to user requirements, along with support concerning the uncertainties of downscaling by dynamical or empirical methods. Most relevant fort the centre’s Central European projects are the algorithms developed by the DWD for diagnostical downscaling of regional climate projection time series on a high resolution grid of 1x1 km2. These are indispensable for detailed biodiversity studies, like those already running  in the ‚Naturwaldreservate‘ or the urban area of Frankfurt to obtain spatially detailed estimations of climate change impacts. The transferability of these algorithms to non-European climate zones is to be tested.

A further objective is to facilitate the use of external data sources, e.g. by contributing to the conversion of/exchange between data bases. Data gathered by the BiK-F Centre on the other hand must be made available to the scientific community, for instance by linking BiK-F-databases to global portals like those of the Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF), Map of Life (MoL) and Encyclopedia of Life (EoL). In the framework of various projects, we assess climatically relevant historical biodiversity data (e.g. in scientific collections), calculate climate scenarios or develop new modelling approaches.

Service (see data portal for more details):

 

1.) Environmental drivers of biodiversity dynamics
Present and future climate data, DWD data: Niamir
Paleoclimate: Liakka
Non-climatic drivers of biodiversity dynamics: Niamir

2.) Data collection and archiving
Data archiving: Niamir, Weiland
Map of Life, botanical archives: Schmidt
Metacat: Niamir, Weiland

3.) Computing facilities
Massive RAM and BiK-F cluster: Weiland
Cluster Computing (LOEWE CSC): Weiland, Forrest
Frankfurt Cloud: Forrest
General IT support: Weiland

4.) Advanced statistics consulting and species distribution modeling: O’Hara, Niamir

Projects