Project groups

6-2.10 | EARTH SURFACE PROCESSES AND PALEOCLIMATE DYNAMICS

Project leader:
Prof. Dr. Andreas Mulch

This project focuses on the long-term interactions of climate and the dynamics of our planet, especially the processes at the Earth’s surface. In particular, we are interested in how geosphere-atmosphere-biosphere feedbacks affect the topography of our planet and influence regional and globale climate and precipitation patterns. Both, topography and climate interact with global vegetation patterns and ecosystems through a variety of processes such as changing atmospheric circulation patterns, development of continental aridity in the lee of mountain ranges and segmentation of the landscape including the development of biotic barriers. Through stable isotopes of oxygen, hydrogen and carbon on a wide variety of geologic materials we establish continental stable isotope records of past precipitation, temperature, and vegetation patterns that reflect reliable archives of past climate. In brief, we use the isotopic fingerprint of climate and geodynamic processes to understand Earth System dynamics in the geologic past.

 

Team

Dr. Aude Gébelin, Researcher
Dr. Maud Meijers, Researcher
Dr. Katharina Methner, Researcher
Dr. Iuliana Vasiliev, Researcher
Dr. Tina Lüdecke, Research assistent
Niklas Löffler, Ph.D. student
Fabian Schemmel, Ph.D. student
Ulrich Treffert, Technician

Publications

Ballato, P., Mulch, A., Landgraf A., Strecker M.R., Dalconi M.C., Friedrich A. & S.H. Tabatabaei (2010) : Middle to late Miocene Middle Eastern climate from stable oxygen and carbon isotope data, southern Alborz mountains, N Iran (2010). - Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 300, 125-138.
Link to Publication

Cecil, M.R., Ducea, M.N., Reiners, P., Gehrels, G., Mulch, A., Allen, C. & I. Campbell (2010) : Provenance of Eocene river sediments from the central northern Sierra Nevada and implications for paleotopography. - Tectonics 29, TC6010.

Feng, R., Poulsen, C.J., Werner, M., Chamberlain, C.P., Mix, H. & A. Mulch (2013) : Early Cenozoic evolution of topography, climate, and stable isotopes in precipitation in the North American Cordillera. - American Journal of Science 313: 613-648.

Ferré, E.C., Gébelin, A., Conder, J.A., Christensen, N., Wood, J.D. & C. Teyssier (2014) : Seismic anisotropy of the Archean lithosphere in the Superior Province inferred from petrofabrics. - Geophysical Research Letters 41: 1514-1522.

Gébelin, A., Mulch, A., Teyssier, C., Heizler, M., Vennemann, T. & N. C. A. Seaton (2011) : Oligo-Miocene extensional tectonics and fluid flow across the Northern Snake Range detachment system, Nevada. Tectonics 30, TC5010, doi:10.1029/2010TC002797.

Gébelin, A., Mulch, A., Teyssier, C., Jessup, M.J., Law, R.D. & M. Brunel (2013) : The Miocene elevation of Mount Everest. - Geology 41: 799-802.

Gébelin, A., Mulch, A., Teyssier, C., Page Chamberlain, C. & M. Heizler (2012) : Coupled basin-detachment systems as paleoaltimetry archives of the western North American Cordillera. - Earth and Planetary Science Letters 335–336: 36–47.

Gottardi, R., Teyssier, C., Mulch, A., Vennemann, T. W. & M. L. Wells (2011) : Preservation of an extreme geotherm in the Raft River detachment shear zone. - Geology 39: 759-762.

Hetzel, R., Zwingmann, H., Mulch, A., Gessner, K., Akal, C., Hampel, A., Güngör, T., Petschick, R. Mikes, T. & F. Wedin (2013) : Spatiotemporal evolution of brittle normal faulting and fluid infiltration in detachment fault systems: A case study from the Menderes Massif, western Turkey. - Tectonics 32: 364-376.

Hoorn, C., Mosbrugger, V., Mulch, A. & A. Antonelli (2013) : Biodiversity from mountain building. - Nature geoscience 6: 154.

Kent-Corson, M.L., Barnosky, A.D., Mulch, A., Carrasco, M.A. & C.P. Chamberlain (2013) : Possible regional tectonic controls on mammalian evolution in western North America. - Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 387: 17-26.

Königer,P., Marshall, J.D., Link, T. & A. Mulch (2011) : An inexpensive, fast, and reliable method for vacuum extraction of soil and plant water for stable isotope analyses by mass spectrometry. - Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry 25: 3041-3048.

Liodas, N.T., Gébelin, A., Ferré, E.C. & G.M. Misgna (2013) : Deformation coupling between the Archean Pukaskwa intrusive complex and the Hemlo shear zone, Superior Province, Canada. - Tectonophysics 608: 1226-1237.

Lüdecke, T., Mikes, T., Rojay, B., Cosca, M.A. & A. Mulch (2013) : Stable isotope-based reconstruction of Oligo-Miocene paleoenvironment and paleohydrology of Central Anatolian lake basins (Turkey). - Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences 22: 793-819.

Lužar-Oberiter, B., Mikes, T., Dunkl, I., Babic, Lj. & H. von Eynatten (2012) : Provenance of Cretaceous synorogenic sediments from the NW Dinarides (Croatia). - Swiss Journal of Geosciences 105: 377-399.

Mazzini, I., Hudackova, N., Joniak, P., Kovacova, M., Mikes, T., Mulch, A., Rojay, B., Lucifora, S., Esu, D. & I. Soulie-Märsche (2013) : Palaeoenvironmental And Chronological Constraints On The Tuğlu Formation (Çankırı Basin, Central Anatolia, Turkey). - Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences (VAMP Special Volume) DOI: 10.3906/yer-1207-10.

Mix, H., Mulch, A., Kent-Corson, M.L. & C.P. Chamberlain (2011) : Cenozoic migration of topography in the North American Cordillera (2011). - Geology 89, 87-90, doi:10.1130/G31450.1
Link to Publication

Nieto-Moreno, V., Martínez-Ruiz, F., Giralt, S., Gallego-Torres, D., García-Orellana, J., Masqué, P. & M. Ortega-Huertas (2013) : Climate imprints during the Medieval Climate Anomaly and the Little Ice Age in marine records from the Alboran Sea basin. - The Holocene 23(9): 1227-1237.

Nieto-Moreno, V., Martínez-Ruiz, F., Willmott, V., García-Orellana, J., Masqué, P. & J.S. Sinninghe Damsté (2013) : Climate conditions in the westernmost Mediterranean over the last two millennia: an integrated biomarker approach. - Organic Geochemistry 55: 1-10.

Pingel, H., Alonso, R.N., Mulch, A., Rohrmann, A., Sudo, M., & M.R. Strecker (2014) : Pliocene orographic barrier uplift in the southern Central Andes. - Geology 42: 691-694.

Schemmel, F., Mikes, T., Rojay, B. & A. Mulch (2013) : The impact of topography on isotopes in precipitation across the Central Anatolian Plateau (Turkey). - American Journal of Science 313 (2): 61- 80.

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