Matthias Schleuning

PD Dr. Matthias Schleuning



Fields of interest

I am interested in the structure of ecological communities and the resilience of ecosystem processes to global change. In my current research, I study how climate and land-use gradients affect mutualistic plant-animal interactions at multiple spatial scales, using observational and experimental field studies, demographic models, trait analysis, network approaches and macro-ecological tools. My study sites include temperate and tropical ecosystems (Germany, South Africa, Kenya, Tropical Andes, Costa Rica).

Key words: Biodiversity, birds, frugivory, global change, Heliconia, mutualistic networks, Protea, population dynamics, pollination, seed dispersal, tropical forest

Current projects

• Mutualistic plant-animal networks along latitudinal and insularity gradients
(with K. Böhning-Gaese, N. Blüthgen, C.F. Dormann, K.C. Burns)

• Mutualistic plant-animal networks along land-use and elevational gradients (with K. Böhning-Gaese, H.M. Schaefer, P. Jordano, W.D. Kissling, C.H. Graham)

• Ecosystem functioning and forest regeneration in the Tropical Andes
(with K. Böhning-Gaese, I. Hensen, S.G. Beck)

• Spatial determinants of animal pollination and plant fecundity in South African Fynbos (with F. Schurr, A. Pauw)



Recent publications:

Kissling, W.D. & Schleuning, M. (online early). Multispecies interactions across trophic levels at macroscales: retrospective and future directions. Ecography, doi: 10.1111/ecog.00819.

Maglianesi, M.A., Böhning-Gaese, K. & Schleuning, M. (online early). Different foraging preferences of hummingbirds on artificial and natural flowers reveal mechanisms structuring plant-pollinator interactions. Journal of Animal Ecology, doi: 10.1111/1365-2656.12319.

Maglianesi, M.A., Blüthgen, N., Böhning-Gaese, K. & Schleuning, M. (online early). Morphological traits determine specialization and resource use in plant-hummingbird networks in the Neotropics. Ecology, doi: 10.1890/13-2261.1.

Dehling, D.M., Töpfer, T., Schaefer, H.M., Jordano, P., Böhning-Gaese, K. & Schleuning, M. (2014). Functional relationships beyond species richness patterns: trait matching in plant–bird mutualisms across scales. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 23, 1085–1093.

Dehling, D.M., Fritz, S., Töpfer, T., Paeckert, M., Estler, P., Böhning-Gaese, K. & Schleuning, M. (2014). Functional and phylogenetic diversity and assemblage structure of frugivorous birds along an elevational gradient in the tropical Andes. Ecography, 37, 1047–1055.

Schleuning, M., Ingmann, L., Strauß, R., Fritz, S.A., Dalsgaard, B., Dehling, D.M., Plein, M., Saavedra, F., Sandel, B., Svenning, J.-C., Böhning-Gaese, K. & Dormann, C.F. (2014). Ecological, historical and evolutionary determinants of modularity in weighted seed-dispersal networks. Ecology Letters, 17, 454–463.

Schleuning, M., Böhning-Gaese, K., Dehling, D.M. & Burns, K.C. (2014). At a loss for birds: insularity increases asymmetry in seed-dispersal networks. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 23, 385-394.

Press coverage:

Interaction networks
Flexible Tropen-Arten [German]
Neue Züricher Zeitung (CH) - Print und Online, 26 September 2012
Tropische Artenvielfalt macht Vögel nicht zu Spezialisten [German]
Der Standard (A), 21 September 2012

Conservation biology
Ants plant rainforests, one seed at a time [English]
Mongabay.com, 14 April 2014
Ants help plant tomorrow's rainforests [English]
Science Magazine, 21 March 2014
Biodiversity = More (and Better) Coffee [English]
The Scientist, 11 February 2014
Functional Fragments [English]
Conservation Magazine, 29 November 2011
Überraschender Nutzen - Auch Regenwaldinseln erfüllen ökologische Funktionen [German]
Deutschlandfunk (D), 16 December 2011
Nützlicher Flickenteppich [German]
Welt (D), 28 November 2011
Selbst fragmentierter Wald behält seine ökologischen Funktionen [German]
Der Standard (A), 25 November 2011

Phone: 069 7542 1892
Google scholar: http://scholar.google.de/citations?user=Rqf-GcEAAAAJ&hl=de
Research gate: https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Matthias_Schleuning