Dr. Matthias Schleuning
B3.10: BIODIVERSITY AND AREA DYNAMICS OF VERTEBRATES
Fields of interest
I am interested in the structure of ecological communities and the resilience of ecosystem processes to global change. In my current research, I study how climate and land-use gradients affect mutualistic plant-animal interactions at multiple spatial scales, using observational and experimental field studies, demographic models, trait analysis, network approaches and macro-ecological tools. My study sites include temperate and tropical ecosystems (Germany, South Africa, Kenya, Tropical Andes, Costa Rica).
Key words: Biodiversity, birds, frugivory, global change, Heliconia, mutualistic networks, Protea, population dynamics, pollination, seed dispersal, tropical forest
• Mutualistic plant-animal networks along latitudinal and insularity gradients
• Mutualistic plant-animal networks along land-use and elevational gradients (with K. Böhning-Gaese, H.M. Schaefer, P. Jordano, W.D. Kissling, C.H. Graham)
• Ecosystem functioning and forest regeneration in the Tropical Andes
• Spatial determinants of animal pollination and plant fecundity in South African Fynbos (with F. Schurr, A. Pauw)
Schleuning, M., Ingmann, L., Strauß, R., Fritz, S.A., Dalsgaard, B., Dehling, D.M., Plein, M., Saavedra, F., Sandel, B., Svenning, J.-C., Böhning-Gaese, K. & Dormann, C.F. (2014). Ecological, historical and evolutionary determinants of modularity in weighted seed-dispersal networks. Ecology Letters, doi: 10.1111/ele.12245.
Schleuning, M., Böhning-Gaese, K., Dehling, D.M. & Burns, K.C. (2014). At a loss for birds: insularity increases asymmetry in seed-dispersal networks. Global Ecology and Biogeography, doi: 10.1111/geb.12134.
Classen, A., Peters, M.K., Ferger, S.W., Helbig-Bonitz, M., Schmack, J.M., Maassen, G., Schleuning, M., Kalko, E.K.V., Böhning-Gaese, K. & Steffan-Dewenter, I. (2014). Complementary ecosystem services by pest predators and pollinators increase quantity and quality of coffee yields. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 281, doi: 10.1098/rspb.2013.3148
Ferger, S.W., Schleuning, M., Hemp, A., Howell, K.M. & Böhning-Gaese, K. (2014). Food resources and vegetation structure mediate climatic effects on species richness of birds. Global Ecology and Biogeography, doi: 10.1111/geb.12151
Plein, M., Längsfeld, L., Neuschulz, E.L., Schultheiß, C., Ingmann, L., Töpfer, T., Böhning-Gaese, K. & Schleuning, M. (2013). Constant properties of plant-frugivore networks despite fluctuations in fruit and bird communities in space and time. Ecology, 94, 1296-1306
Schleuning, M., Fründ, J., et al. (2012). Specialization of mutualistic interaction networks decreases toward tropical latitudes. Current Biology, 22, 1925-1931