Project groups

9-2.4 | ADAPTIVE MANAGEMENT OF COASTAL ECOSYSTEM SERVICES - AN ISLAND MODEL

Project leader:
Uwe Zajonz

The loss of marine and coastal ecosystem services (ESS) due to climate change impacts threatens livelihoods and sustenance of millions of people, especially in subtropical and tropical countries. The climate signal effects coastal ESS by impacting critical variables such global sea level rise, sea surface temperatures, extreme weather events and changed precipitation and hydrodynamic regimes, water chemistry and nutrient content. Coral reefs are especially susceptible to rises of sea water temperatures and acidity. It is expected that biogene reef communities respond with substantial shifts in community composition and structure towards marginal reef structures. This will be associated with a substantial decline of biodiversity and productivity, not least with regard to living resources which are subject to coastal fisheries. Such shifts are critical to human food security in developing countries and likely to divert resource use pressure towards other coastal ESS requiring adaptive climate-proof management solutions.
The Project therefore aims at investigating to which degree Climate Change will cause systemic changes to the ESS potential of tropical island systems which are dominated by a) marginal “subtropical” reef communities, and b) by “classical” tropical biogene reefs. Consequences for adaptive resource use and conservation management will be identified.
The Socotra Archipelago in the Indian Ocean is a global biodiversity hotspot which population relies heavily on coastal resource use. It will serve as a case study for the development of a social-ecological system (SES) island model and a derived coastal resource use regime. A key delivery of the study is an integrated vulnerability assessment (ecological-, focusing on the climate change sensitivity of the ESS potential of its marginal reef communities. In a second step the results will be compared with a SES island model which will be elaborated for an island dominated by tropical reefs (e.g. Rodrigues).
Envisaged process steps consist of: a) Multi-criteria assessment and mapping (status quo) of ESS (including employing remote sensing and GIS); b) ecological and economic accounting and vulnerability analysis; c) scenario- and model development, and trade-off analysis, and; d) development of recommendations for adaptive management and governance systems. Conceptually, the ESS analysis is elaborated in collaboration with project group F1.

The Project forms part of the research programme of the integrated work group “Tropical Marine Systems” (TMS). It thus builds upon the projects F5.1 and F5.2 (see below F2.4) and B2.3 of the 1st phase of LOEWE BiK-F and works accomplished by the Section Ichthyology of the Senckenberg Research Institute. The work approach of TMS is genuinely integrative and will be pursued also in the 2nd phase of LOEWE BiK-F by maintaining transdisciplinary collaboration with TMS projects and others especially of Project Area B and A. It seeks to contribute to the cross-cutting themes “Biotic Interactions” and “Multiple Stressors” and the focal area “shelf ecosystems”. Logistically, the project capitalizes on the Socotra Field Research Station, which is jointly operated by the SGN and BiK-F, and a network of Yemeni colleagues and collaborators.

CURRENT EVENT
- new project F2.6 "UNEP-GEF Socotra Project"
- Aktueller Artikel über Sokotra in National Geographic
- Soqotra Symposium 2012

Team
Dr. Rebecca Klaus (part time)
Marie Martin (MSc Studentin, Goethe-University, Frankfurt a.M., Scientific Assistant)
Moteah Sheikh Aideed (MSc Student, University of Mukallah, Yemen)
Matthias Goerres (BSc student, University of Mainz)
Fouad Naseeb Saeed (local staff, Socotra)
Malek Abdulassiz (voluntary collaborator, Ministry of Water and Environment, Republic of Yemen)

Collaborating member of the work group TMS
Dr. Edouard Lavergne (Area B, SGN)
Hannes Pulch (Area B)

Posters and oral presentations

Klaus, R., Zajonz, U., Abdul-Aziz, M., Saeed, F.N., Khamis, T.A., Ahmed, S.S., Ziegler, M. & DeVantier, L. (2011).  Coral communities of Socotra (2000-2011): Recovery, resilience and community shifts. 10th Annual General Meeting of the Friends of Soqotra, 23-25 September, Naturhistorisches Museum Bern, Switzerland. (presentation)

Klaus, R., Zajonz, U., Abdul-Aziz, M., Saeed, F.N., Khamis, T.A., Ahmed, S.S., Ziegler, M., DeVantier, L. & Krupp, F. (2012).  Coral communities of Socotra (2000-2011): Recovery, resilience and refugia in an upwelling environment. Coral Reefs of the Gulf Conference, 17-19 January, Abu Dhabi. (presentation, publ. abstract)

Klaus, R., Zajonz, U., Abdul-Aziz, M., Saeed, F.N., Khamis, T.A., Ahmed, S.S., Ziegler, M., DeVantier, L. & Krupp, F. (2012). Socotra (2000-2011): Recovery, resilience and refugia in an upwelling environment. 12th International Coral Reef Symposium, 9-13 July, Cairns, Queensland, Australia. (presentation, publ. abstract)

Klaus, R., Zajonz, U., Saeed, F.N., Lavergne, E. & Krupp, F. (2012).  Soqotra’s Conservation Zoning Plan in the marine realm: Achievements, limitations and the way forward. Soqotra Symposium 2012: 11th Annual General Meeting of the Friends of Soqotra and Thematic Workshop of GIZ & BiK-F, 21-23 September, Senckenberg Research Institute and Natural History Museum, Frankfurt am Main, Germany. (presentation)

Lavergne, E., Calves, I., Meisterzheim, A.L., Charrier, G., Zajonz, U. & Laroche, J. (2013). Complex genetic structure of a catadromous fish in temporarily open closed estuaries of Socotra Island and the northern Gulf of Aden. 9th Indo-Pacific Fish Conference, 24-28 June 2013, Okinawa, Japan. (poster, publ. abstract)

Lavergne, E., Calves, I., Meistertzheim, A.L., Charrier, G., Zajonz, U. & Laroche, J. (2013).  Complex genetic structure of a euryhaline fish from estuaries of Socotra and the Gulf of Aden. 12th Annual General Meeting of the Friends of Soqotra, Mendel University in Brno, 13-15 September, Lednice, Czech Republic. (poster)

Lavergne, E., Calves, I., Meisterzheim, A.-L., Charrier, G., Zajonz, U. & Laroche, J. (2012).  Population genetics of Terapon jarbua.  Soqotra Symposium 2012: 11th Annual General Meeting of the Friends of Soqotra and Thematic Workshop of GIZ & BiK-F, 21-23 September, Senckenberg Research Institute and Natural History Museum, Frankfurt am Main, Germany. (presentation)

Lavergne, E., Zajonz, U., Krupp, F. & Aideed, M.S. (2012). Estuarine ecosystems: conservation needs and economic significance. Soqotra Symposium 2012: 11th Annual General Meeting of the Friends of Soqotra and Thematic Workshop of GIZ & BiK-F, 21-23 September, Senckenberg Research Institute and Natural History Museum, Frankfurt am Main, Germany. (presentation)

Loft, L., Lux, A., Heubach, K., Grünewald, C., Zajonz, U. & Mehring, M. (2013). Adapting the ESS-Framework for the assessment of climate induced changes in ecosystem services provision. CAU, ESP and IALE Workshop on Ecosystem Services, University of Kiel, 6-8 May, Kiel, Germany. (presentation, publ. abstract)

Loft, L., Lux, A. & Zajonz, U. (2010). Research Framework for Ecosystem Services Assessment: Case Study Socotra. 5th AlterNet Summer School: Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services, Peyresq, Frankreich. (poster)

Martin, M., Zajonz, U., Hummel, D., Saeed, F.N. & Aideed, M.S. (2013).  Climate change vulnerability of the Soqotri fisher folk. 12th Annual General Meeting of the Friends of Soqotra, Mendel University in Brno, 13-15 September, Lednice, Czech Republic. (presentation)

Pietsch, D., Banfield, L., Morris, M., Van Damme, K. & Zajonz, U. (2012).  Human-nature interactions on Soqotra Island (Yemen) in the past and against a background of political uncertainty. 32nd International Geographical Congress, University of Cologne, 26-30 August, Cologne, Germany. (presentation, publ. abstract)

Pulch, H., Pfenniger, M. & Zajonz, U. Poster presentation at ICRS Conference Wageningen 2010: Connectivity of Dottyback Populations (Perciformes; Pseudochromidae) around Socotra Island (Yemen).

Pulch, H., Zajonz, U. & Pfenninger, M. (2010).  Connectivity of dottyback populations (Perciformes; Pseudochromidae) around Socotra Island, Yemen. Euro ISRS symposium 2010: Reefs in a changing environment, Wageningen, Netherlands. (poster)

Pulch, H., Zajonz, U. & Pfenninger, M. (2011).  Population biology of the new dottyback species Pseudochromis sp. from the Socotra Archipelago. 2nd Young Reef Scientists Meeting, Senckenberg Research Institute and Natural History Museum, Frankfurt am Main, Germany. (presentation)

Pulch, H., Zajonz, U. & Pfenninger, M. (2011).  Population connectivity of an endemic reef fish around Socotra Island. 10th Annual General Meeting of the Friends of Soqotra, 23-25 September 2011, Naturhistorisches Museum Bern, Switzerland. (presentation)

Saeed, F.N., Khamis, T.A., Ahmed S.S., Aideed, M.S., Zajonz, U. & Klaus, R. (2012). Trends and issues in Soqotra's marine resource and fishery management. Soqotra Symposium 2012: 11th Annual General Meeting of the Friends of Soqotra and Thematic Workshop of GIZ & BiK-F, 21-23 September, Senckenberg Research Institute and Natural History Museum, Frankfurt am Main, Germany. (presentation)

Zajonz, U. (2012). Der Sokotra-Archipel im Indischen Ozean: UNESCO Weltnaturerbe zwischen Entwicklung und Naturschutz. In: Vortragsreihe Zoo, Zoo-Gesellschaftshaus, 7 November, Frankfurt am Main, Germany.

Zajonz, U. (2010). Von einem Biodiversitäts-Hotspot am Horn von Afrika. Der Sokotra-Archipel. BiK-F Vortragsreihe, 12 May, Presseclub Frankfurt am Main. (public presentation)

Zajonz, U., Aideed, M.S., Klaus, R., Saeed, F. & Lavergne, E. (2013).  Fish biomass productivity dynamics driven by Socotras upwelling environment. 12th Annual General Meeting of the Friends of Soqotra, Mendel University in Brno, 13-15 September, Lednice, Czech Republic. (presentation)

Zajonz, U., Aideed, M.S., Klaus, R., Saeed, F. & Lavergne, E. (2013). Socotra Archipelago: coastal fish community and productivity dynamics in an upwelling environment. 9th Indo-Pacific Fish Conference, 24-28 June 2013, Okinawa, Japan. (presentation, publ. abstract)

Zajonz, U., Aideed, M.S., Saeed; F.N., Lavergne, E., Klaus, R. & Krupp, F. (2011).  Sustainable traditional fisheries management on Socotra: A tale of wishful thinking? 10th Annual General Meeting of the Friends of Soqotra, 23-25 September, Naturhistorisches Museum Bern, Switzerland. (presentation)

Zajonz, U. & Lavergne, E. (2012).  The Soqotra Field Research Station. Soqotra Symposium 2012: 11th Annual General Meeting of the Friends of Soqotra and Thematic Workshop of GIZ & BiK-F, 21-23 September, Senckenberg Research Institute and Natural History Museum, Frankfurt am Main, Germany. (presentation)

Zajonz, U., Lavergne, E., Al-Harrani, G. & Nishimura, B. (2011).  Coastal zones of Yemen:  Limited management meets climate change. Symposium: Vulnerability of coastal ecosystems to climate change and extreme events, IFREMER, 18-21 October, Biarritz, France. (poster and speed presentation)

Zajonz, U., Lavergne, E., Saeed, F.N., Aideed, M.S., Klaus, R. & Krupp, F. (2012).  Soqotra, a "micro-continent" in terms of coastal fish diversity. Soqotra Symposium 2012: 11th Annual General Meeting of the Friends of Soqotra and Thematic Workshop of GIZ & BiK-F, 21-23 September, Senckenberg Research Institute and Natural History Museum, Frankfurt am Main, Germany. (presentation)

Zajonz, U., Loft, L., Goerres, M. & Al-Harrani, G. (2012).  Application of the Ecosystem Service concept to coastal systems of Yemen: Theory and practice. Soqotra Symposium 2012: 11th Annual General Meeting of the Friends of Soqotra and Thematic Workshop of GIZ & BiK-F, 21-23 September, Senckenberg Research Institute and Natural History Museum, Frankfurt am Main, Germany. (presentation)

Zajonz, U., Saeed, F.N., Aideed, M.S., Lavergne, E., Klaus, R. & Krupp, F. (2012).  Socotra Archipelago: unique fish diversity meets exceptional productivity. 12th International Coral Reef Symposium, 9-13 July, Cairns, Queensland, Australia. (presentation, publ. abstract)

Ziegler, M. & Klaus, R. (2011). Recent coral community recovery at Socotra: identifying winners and losers. 2nd Young Reef Scientists Meeting, Senckenberg Research Institute and Natural History Museum, Frankfurt am Main, Germany. (presentation)

Ziegler, M., Klaus, R. & U. Zajonz (2010) : An integrated marine monitoring program for the Socotra Archipelago. - Held at Environmental Protection Authority, Hadibo, Yemen.

Graduation theses

Aideed, M.S. (2013, MSc Thesis). Spatial and Temporal Dynamics of Fish Biomass Productivity at Socotra Island and the Impact of Small-Scale Fisheries on Fish Community Structure. Master Thesis, December 2013, Hadrahmout University, Mukallah, Republic of Yemen.

Goerres, Matthias (2011, BSc Thesis). Coastal and terrestrial ecosystem services, uses and users: a case study from Socotra Island, Yemen. Bachelor Thesis, March 2011, University of Mainz, Germany.

Lavergne, E. (2012, PhD Thesis). Estuarine Fish Biodiversity of Socotra Island (North-Western Indian Ocean): from the fish community to the functioning of Terapon jarbua populations. PhD Thesis, May 2012, University of Western Brittany, France.

Martin, M. (2013, MSc Thesis). Vulnerability of fishery-based social-ecological systems to climate change. A case study on the small-scale fishery of Soqotra Island, Yemen. Master Thesis, November 2013, Goethe-University, Frankfurt am Main, Germany.

Pulch, H. (2010, Diploma Thesis). Autökologie und Populationsbiologie des endemischen Zwergbarsches Pseudochromis „sp.“ (Perciformes: Pseudochromidae) vom Sokotra-Archipel. Frankfurt am Main, 2010. (Diploma thesis in German language, equivalent to an MSc thesis in the Anglo-american system).

 

Publications

Agostini, C., Agudelo, P.A.,..., Lavergne, E.,... Zajonz, U. et al. (2011) : Permanent genetic resources added to molecular ecology resources database 1 October 2010-30 November 2010. - Molecular Ecology Resources 11(2): 418–421.

Gill, A. & Zajonz, U. (2011) : Pseudochromine and pseudoplesiopine dottyback fishes from the Socotra Archipelago, Indian Ocean, with descriptions of two new species of Pseudochromis Rüppell (Perciformes: Pseudochromidae). - Zootaxa 3106: 1–23.

Klaus, R., Zajonz, U., Abdul-Aziz, M., Saeed, F., Khamis, T.K., Ahmed, S.S., Ziegler, M. & L. DeVantier (2012) : Coral communities of Socotra (2000-2011): Recovery, resilience and community shifts. - Tayf - the Soqotra Newsletter, 7.

Lavergne E., Calves I., Zajonz U. & J. Laroche (2011) : Isolation and characterization of nine microsatellite loci of Terapon jarbua (Forsskål, 1775) from Socotra Island (Gulf of Aden) using multiplex PCR. Molecular Ecology Resources 11 (2): 418-421.

Lavergne, E., Krupp, F., Saeed, F., Pulch, H., Ziegler, M., Klaus, R., Alpermann, T. & U. Zajonz (2011) : BiK-F Field research Station Socotra. - Tayf-The Socotra Newsletter 8: 17.

Lavergne, E., Zajonz, U. & L. Sellin (2013) : Length-weight relationship and seasonal effects of the Summer Monsoon on condition factor of Terapon jarbua (Forsskål, 1775) from the wider Gulf of Aden including Socotra Island. - Journal of Applied Ichthyology 29: 274–277.

Lavergne, E., Calvès, I., Meistertzheim, A.L., Charrier, G., Zajonz, U. & J. Laroche (2014) : Complex genetic structure of a euryhaline marine fish in temporarily open/closed estuaries from the wider Gulf of Aden. - Marine Biology 161: 1113-1126.

Lavergne, E., Calves, I., Meisterzheim, A.-L., Charrier, G., Zajonz, U. & J. Laroche (2012) : Complex genetic structure of a euryhaline marine fish in temporarily open closed estuaries from the wider Gulf of Aden. - Marine Biology, in press.

Pulch, H., Zajonz, U. & M. Pfenninger (2012) : Population connectivity of an endemic reef fish around Socotra Island. - Tayf - the Soqotra Newsletter, 7.

Van Lavieren, H. & R. Klaus (2013) : An effective regional marine protected areas network for the ROPME sea area: Unrealistic vision or realistic possibility? - Marine Pollution Bulletin 72 (2): 389-405.

Zajonz, U., Klaus, R., Abdul-Assiz, M. & F. Saeed (2012) : Coral mining on Soqotra – Little profit for a few and a lot of damage for many. - Tayf - the Soqotra Newsletter.

Zajonz, U. (2010) : Institution-centered Strategic Environmental Assessment of Coastal Management in Yemen. Ecosystem Integrity, Climate Adaptation and Human Development. In: Biodiversity and the UN MDGs, International Conference, 1-3 December 2010, Frankfurt am Main.

Zajonz, U., Aideed, M.S., Saeed, F., Lavergne, E., Klaus, R. & F. Krupp (2012) : Sustainable traditional fisheries management on Socotra: A tale of wishful thinking? - Tayf - the Soqotra Newsletter.

Zajonz, U., Deodatus, F. & G. Al-Harrani (2009) : Phase I Report (Progress Report Inception and Scoping). Yemen Strategic Environmental Assessment of Coastal Zone Management. - Report to the World Bank and the Environment Protection Authority, Yemen. GOPA and BiK-F, i-v + 71 pp. + 12 Annexes.

Zajonz, U., Deodatus, F. & G. Al-Harrani (2010) : Phase II Report (Progress Report Assessment & Analysis, Part 1). Yemen Strategic Environmental Assessment of Coastal Zone Management. - Report to the World Bank and the Environment Protection Authority, Yemen. GOPA and BiK-F, i-xi + 138 pp. + 7 Annexes.

Zajonz, U., Deodatus, F. & G. Al-Harrani (2010) : Phase III Report (Progress Report Assessment & Analysis, Part 2 and Recommendations). Yemen Strategic Environmental Assessment of Coastal Zone Management. - Report to the World Bank and the Environment Protection Authority, Yemen. GOPA and BiK-F, i-ix + 129 pp. + 11 Annexes.

Zajonz, U., Deodatus, F. & G. Al-Harrani (2010) : Phase IV Report (Final Synthesis Report). Yemen Strategic Environmental Assessment of Coastal Zone Management. Report to the World Bank and the Environment Protection Authority, Yemen. GOPA and BiK-F, i-viii + I-IX + 129 pp. + 10 Annexes.

Zajonz, U., Klaus, R., Pulch, H., Lavergne, E., Naseeb, F., Ziegler, M., Alpermann, T., Goerres, M. & Krupp, F. (2011, unpubl. report) : Socotra Research Projects. Summary Progress Report 2009-2010 to the Environment Protection Authority and the Ministry of Water and Environment of the Republic of Yemen. Tropical Marine Ecosystems Group. 40 pp. + 1 Annex. Biodiversität und Klima Forschungszentrum und Senckenberg Forschungsinstitut, Frankfurt am Main, Germany

Zajonz, U., Van Damme, K., Lavergne, E., Setzkorn, K. & J. Jansen van Rensburg (2012) : Programme Book of the Soqotra Symposium 2012 – 11th Annual General Meeting Friends of Soqotra, and Thematic Workshop: Nature Research and Conservation at the Interface to Development Cooperation: the Case of the Soqotra Archipelago. Version 2. Senckenberg Research Institute and Natural History Museum, Frankfurt a.M., Germany, 21-23 September 2012, 65 pp.

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Ziegler, M. & S. Uthicke (2011) : Photosynthetic plasticity of larger benthic coral reef Foraminifera. - Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 407: 70-80
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