B1.14 | TROPICAL MARINE ECOSYSTEMS: DIVERSITY AND DYNAMICS OF CORAL REEF ECOSYSTEMS AND REEF-ASSOCIATED FISH ASSEMBLAGES (2008-2011)
Tropical marine systems, particularly coral reefs, provide a wealth of ecosystem services. However, many reefs are already severely impacted by the effects of climate change. Large-scale coral bleaching followed by coral die-off due to elevated sea surface temperatures has been observed repeatedly since 1996, particularly in the seas surrounding the Arabian Peninsula. The Socotra Archipelago, situated east of the Horn of Africa, is renowned as a biodiversity hot spot. Along with several other observation sites in the region, it has been selected as a prime site for studying biodiversity dynamics and tropical marine ecosystem shifts in response to climate change. The project pursues the following objectives:
• To investigate the biodiversity and ecosystem dynamics of tropical marine ecosystems and communities, and to study the range shifts of selected populations under current and predicted future climate scenarios;
• to establish coupled niche and range shift models predicting the dynamics of selected biota, biotopes and eco-geographic units, and to validate and iteratively improve these models through comparison with empirical and historic data (see A.3 and A.4);
• to use GIS-based remote sensing techniques as an innovative ex-situ method for mapping the diversity and distribution of coastal, and particularly reef fish assemblages (to be subsequently extended to other benthic organisms);
• to generate added value by utilising the scientific results for socio-ecological and socio-economic development.
We use existing data sets (i.e. fish inventories, biotope maps generated by remote sensing, and time-series data from long-term monitoring programmes) as a reference against which to compare observed current and predicted future shifts. Our work forms part of the overarching project “Tropical Marine Systems”, thereby complementing activities carried out in other project areas (i.e. A.3, A.4, F.5).
Krupp, F. & U. Zajonz (2008)
Korallenriffe im Klimawandel. - Natur und Museum 138 (7/8): 163-177.
Erforschung der biologischen Vielfalt Arabiens. - Natur und Museum 138 (5/6): 102-108.
Krupp, F. & K. Budd
A new species of the genus Garra (Teleostei: Cyprinidae) from Oman. - Aqua, International Journal of Ichthyology 15(2): 117-120.
Krupp, F. & W. Schneider : Die Fischfauna des Nahr al-Khabur, Nordost-Syrien. - Umwelt und Subsistenz der assyrischen Stadt Dur-Katlimmu am unteren Khabur 8: 41-51.
Krupp, F., Al-Jumaily, M., Bariche, M., Khalaf, M., Malek, M. & B. Streit (2009)
The Middle Eastern Biodiversity Network: Generating and sharing knowledge for ecosystem management and conservation. - ZooKeys 31: 3-15.
Lavergne E., Calves I., Zajonz U. & J. Laroche (2011) : Isolation and characterization of nine microsatellite loci of Terapon jarbua (Forsskål, 1775) from Socotra Island (Gulf of Aden) using multiplex PCR. Molecular Ecology Resources, doi: 10.1111/j.1755-0998.2010.02970.x.
Neubert, E., Manasfi, N., Weidig, I., Krupp, F. & M. Schneider [Eds.] : First International Congress – Documenting, Analysing and Managing Biodiversity in the Middle East. Programme & Abstract Book. - Jordan University Press, Jordan, 1-176.
Zajonz, U., Deodatus, F. & G. Al-Harrani (2009) : Phase I Report (Progress Report Inception and Scoping). Yemen Strategic Environmental Assessment of Coastal Zone Management. - Report to the World Bank and the Environment Protection Authority, Yemen. GOPA and BiK-F, i-v + 71 pp. + 12 Annexes.
Zajonz, U., Deodatus, F. & G. Al-Harrani (2010) : Phase II Report (Progress Report Assessment & Analysis, Part 1). Yemen Strategic Environmental Assessment of Coastal Zone Management. - Report to the World Bank and the Environment Protection Authority, Yemen. GOPA and BiK-F, i-xi + 138 pp. + 7 Annexes.
Zajonz, U., Deodatus, F. & G. Al-Harrani (2010) : Phase III Report (Progress Report Assessment & Analysis, Part 2 and Recommendations). Yemen Strategic Environmental Assessment of Coastal Zone Management. - Report to the World Bank and the Environment Protection Authority, Yemen. GOPA and BiK-F, i-ix + 129 pp. + 11 Annexes.
Zajonz, U., Deodatus, F. & G. Al-Harrani (2010) : Phase IV Report (Final Synthesis Report). Yemen Strategic Environmental Assessment of Coastal Zone Management. Report to the World Bank and the Environment Protection Authority, Yemen. GOPA and BiK-F, i-viii + I-IX + 129 pp. + 10 Annexes.
Zajonz, U., Klaus, R., Pulch, H., Lavergne, E., Naseeb, F., Ziegler, M., Alpermann, T., Goerres, M. & Krupp, F. (2011, unpubl. report)
Socotra Research Projects. Summary Progress Report 2009-2010 to the Environment Protection Authority and the Ministry of Water and Environment of the Republic of Yemen. Tropical Marine Ecosystems Group. 40 pp. + 1 Annex. Biodiversität und Klima Forschungszentrum und Senckenberg Forschungsinstitut, Frankfurt am Main, Germany
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