Project groups


In our project area, we investigate the effects of global climate and land-use change on the biodiversity and range dynamics of vertebrates, especially of birds. We focus on ecosystem consequences of these changes at all organizational levels including geographic ranges, species diversity, community structure, and population dynamics. To account for the immense complexity of ecological systems, we explicitly use a pluralistic approach by working on different spatial and temporal scales and combining a variety of different methods such as field observations and experiments, telemetry, computer simulations, and phylogenetic and macroecological analyses.

We teach several courses at Goethe University Frankfurt in the MSc Ecology and Evolution and in the BSc Biology (see here).

Project themes

1. Macroecology and macroevolution

Potential impacts of climate change on species distributions and diversity (birds, amphibians, dragonflies)

Diversification dynamics of passerine bird groups and the evolution of avian and amphibian ecological niches

Patterns of biodiversity from community composition to global species richness (birds, amphibians, mammals, dragonflies)

Consequences of these macroecological and macroevolutionary patterns for regional and global conservation prioritisation

Project 1

© S. Fritz

Katrin Böhning-Gaese, Susanne Fritz, Christian Hof, Shan Huang, Matthias Dehling, Alison Eyres, Imran Khaliq, Anna Phillips 

2. Biodiversity and ecosystem functioning

Birds and bats as seed dispersers and arthropod predators along an elevational and land use gradient
project site for DFG award #Bo 1221/16-1
project website

Biodiversity and ecosystem processes in Kakamega Forest
project website (BIOTA Africa)

Potential influence of global climate change on ungulates, predators and tourists in African national parks

Project 2

© E.L. Neuschulz

Katrin Böhning-Gaese, Eike Lena Neuschulz, Matthias Schleuning, Claudia Grünewald, Hamadi I. Dulle, Ugo Arbieu

3. Mutualistic plant-animal interactions

Mutualistic interaction networks along latitudinal and elevational gradients

Trait-based approaches for understanding the structure of plant-frugivore networks

Impacts of land-use intensification on mutualistic plant-animal interactions

Seed dispersal by nutcrackers (Nucifraga caryocatactes) along environmental gradients in alpine pine forests

Spatial determinants of animal pollination and plant fecundity in South African Fynbos
project site for DFG award #Schl 1934/1-1

Development and validation of functional indicators for avian seed dispersal in South Ecuador
project site for DFG award #BO 1221/20-1

Project 3

© M. Dehling

Katrin Böhning-Gaese, Eike Lena Neuschulz, Matthias Schleuning, Matthias Dehling, Maria A. MaglianesiDominik Merges, Marcia Muñoz, Marta Quitian, Vinicio Santillan, Baptiste Schmid, Alexander Neu

4. Movement ecology

Movement patterns and seed dispersal of Trumpeter Hornbills (Bycanistes bucinator) in a fragmented landscape
project site for DFG award #Bo 1221/14-1

Informatics tools for population-level movement dynamics
project site for NSF award #1062411

Project 4

© C. Braun

Katrin Böhning-Gaese, Thomas Müller, Johanna Lenz

Teaching at Goethe University Frankfurt

Former lab members/Alumni


Albrecht J., E. L. Neuschulz & N. Farwig (2012) : Impact of habitat structure and fruit abundance on avian seed dispersal and fruit predation. - Basic and Applied Ecology 13: 347-354.

Beck, J., Ballesteros-Mejia, L., Buchmann, C.M., Dengler, J, Fritz, S.A., Gruber, B., Hof, C., Jansen, F., Knapp, S., Kreft, H., Schneider, A.-K., Winter, M. & C.F. Dormann (2012) : What's on the horizon for macroecology? - Ecography 35(8): 673–683.

Berens, D.G., Braun, C., Gonzalez-Martinez, S.C., Griebeler, E.M., Nathan, R. & K. Böhning-Gaese (2014) : Fine-scale spatial genetic dynamics over the life cycle of the tropical tree Prunus africana. – Heredity 113: 401-407.

Breitbach, N., Böhning-Gaese, K., Laube, I. & M. Schleuning (2012) : Short seed-dispersal distances and low seedling recruitment in farmland populations of bird-dispersed cherry trees. - Journal of Ecology 100: 1349-1358.

Breitbach, N., Tillmann, S., Schleuning, M., Grünewald, C., Laube, I., Steffan-Dewenter, I. & K. Böhning-Gaese (2012) : Influence of habitat complexity and landscape configuration on pollination and seed-dispersal interactions of wild cherry trees. - Oecologia 168: 425–437.

Classen, A., Peters, M.K., Ferger, S.W., Helbig, H., Schmack, J.M., Maaßen, G., Schleuning, M., Kalko, E.K.V., Böhning-Gaese, K. & I. Steffan-Dewenter (2014) : Complementary ecosystem services provided by pest predators and pollinators increase quantity and quality of coffee yields. - Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 281: 20133148.

Dalsgaard, B., Trøjelsgaard, K., Martín González, A.M., Nogués-Bravo, D., Ollerton, J., Petanidou, T., Sandel, B., Schleuning, M., Wang, Z., Rahbek, C., Sutherland, W.J., Svenning, J.-C. & J.M. Olesen (2013) : Historical climate-change influences modularity and nestedness of pollination networks. - Ecography 36: 1331–1340.

Dehling, D.M., Fritz, S., Töpfer, T., Paeckert, M., Estler, P., Böhning-Gaese, K. & M. Schleuning (2014) : Functional and phylogenetic diversity and assemblage structure of frugivorous birds along an elevational gradient in the tropical Andes. - Ecography 37: 1047-1055.

Dehling, D.M., Töpfer, T., Schaefer, H.M., Jordano, P., Böhning-Gaese, K. & M. Schleuning (2014) : Functional relationships beyond species richness patterns: trait matching in plant–bird mutualisms across scales. - Global Ecology and Biogeography 23: 1085-1093.

Dehling, D.M. & A. Tello (2012) : Bothrops pictus (Desert Lancehead) and Pseudalsophis elegans (Elegant Racer). Predation. – Herpetological Review 43 (4): 656-657.

Dehling, D.M. (2012) : Primer registro de Caracara plancus para el departamento de Cusco. – Boletín Informativo de la Unión de Ornitólogos del Perú (UNOP) 7: 19-20.

Dehling, D.M., C.S. Sevillano & L.M. Morales (2013) : Upper and lower elevational extremes of Andean birds from south-east Peru. - Boletín Informativo de la Unión de Ornitólogos del Perú (UNOP) 8: 32-38.

Dehling, D.M., Hof, C., Brändle, M. & R. Brandl (2010) : Habitat availability does not explain the species richness patterns of the European freshwater fauna. - Journal of Biogeography 37: 1919-1926.

Dehling, D.M., Jordano, P., Schaefer, H.M., Böhning-Gaese, K. & M. Schleuning (2016) : Morphology predicts species' functional roles and their degree of specialization in plant–frugivore interactions. - Proceedings of the Royal Society B 283.

Dehling, J.M. & D.M. Dehling (2012) : Tropidolaemus subannulatus. Bornean Banded Pitviper. Diet. - Herpetological Review 43: 499.

Dehling, J.M. & D.M. Dehling (2013) : A new montane species of Philautus (Amphibia: Anura: Rhacophoridae) from western Sarawak, Malaysia, Borneo. - Zootaxa 3686: 277-288.

Dehling, J.M. & D.M. Dehling (2013) : Range extension of Rhacophorus dulitensis Boulenger, 1892 (Amphibia: Anura: Rhacophoridae) in western Borneo. - Checklist 9: 425-426.

Dehling, M., K. Böhning-Gaese & M. Schleuning (2012) : Biodiversitätsforschung im Antisuyo. – Natur, Forschung, Museum 142: 246-255.

Dehling, M. (2011) : Lowest-elevation record of Lyre-tailed Nightjar Uropsalis lyra in Peru. - Cotinga 33: 130.

Fagan W.F., Lewis, M.A., Auger-Methe, M., Avgar, T., Benhamou, S., Breed, G., LaDage, L., Schlägel, U.E., Tang, W., Papastamatiou, Y., Forester, J. & T. Mueller (2013) : Spatial Memory and Animal Movement. - Ecology Letters 16: 1316–1329.

Ferger, S.W., Böhning-Gaese, K., Wilcke, W., Oelmann, Y. & M. Schleuning (2013) : Distinct carbon sources indicate strong differentiation between tropical forest and farmland bird communities. - Oecologia 171: 473-486.

Ferger, S.W., Schleuning, M., Hemp, A., Howell, K.M. & K. Böhning-Gaese (2014) : Food resources and vegetation structure mediate climatic effects on species richness of birds. - Global Ecology and Biogeography 23: 541-549.

Fisher, D.O., Johnson, C.N., Lawes, M.J., Fritz, S.A., McCallum, H., Blomberg, S.P., VanDerWal, J., Abbott, B., Frank, A., Legge, S., Letnic, M., Thomas, C.R., Fisher, A., Gordon, I.J. & A. Kutt (2014) : The current decline of tropical marsupials in Australia: is history repeating?. - Global Ecology and Biogeography 23: 181-190. 

Forget, P.-M., Jordano, P., Lambert, J.E., Böhning-Gaese, K., Traveset, A. & S.J. Wright (2011) : Frugivores and seed dispersal (1985–2010); the ‘seeds’ dispersed, established and matured. - Acta Oecologica 37(6): 517–520.

Fritz, S.A.*, Schnitzler, J.*, Eronen, J.T.*, Hof, C.*, Böhning-Gaese, K.* & C.H. Graham* (2013) : Diversity in time and space: wanted dead and alive. - Trends in Ecology and Evolution 28: 509-516. (* equal contribution)

Fritz, S.A. & C. Rahbek (2012) : Global patterns of amphibian phylogenetic diversity. - Journal of Biogeography 39: 1373-1382.

Fritz, S.A., Jønsson, K.A., Fjeldså, J. & C. Rahbek (2012) : Diversification and biogeographic patterns in island radiations of passerine birds. - Evolution 66: 179-190.

Gallegos, S.C., Hensen, I. & M. Schleuning (2014) : Secondary dispersal by ants promotes forest regeneration after deforestation. - Journal of Ecology 102: 659-666.

Grewe, Y., Hof, C., Dehling, D.M., Brandl, R. & M. Brändle (2013) : Recent range shifts of European dragonflies provide support for an inverse relationship between habitat predictability and dispersal. – Global Ecology and Biogeography 22: 403-409.

Grünewald, C., Breitbach, N. & K. Böhning-Gaese (2010) : Tree visitation and seed dispersal of wild cherries by terrestrial mammals along a human land-use gradient. - Basic and Applied Ecology 11: 532-541.

Hamasha, H.R., Schmidt-Lebuhn, A.N., Durka, W., Schleuning, M. & I. Hensen (2013) : Bioclimatic regions influence genetic structure of four Jordanian Stipa species. - Plant Biology 15: 882-891.

Hof, C., Brändle, M., Dehling, D.M., Munguía, M., Brandl, R., Araújo, M.B., & C. Rahbek (2012) : Habitat stability affects dispersal and the ability to track climate change. - Biology Letters 8: 639-643.

Holt, B.G., Lessard, J.-P., Borregaard, M.K., Fritz, S.A., Araújo, M.B., Dimitrov, D., Fabre, P.-H., Graham, C.H., Graves, G.R., Jønsson, K.A., Nogués-Bravo, D., Wang, Z., Whittaker, R.J., Fjeldså, J. & C. Rahbek (2013) : An update of Wallace’s zoogeographic regions of the world. - Science 339: 74-78.

Holt, B.G., Lessard, J.-P., Borregaard, M.K., Fritz, S.A., Araújo, M.B., Dimitrov, D., Fabre, P.-H., Graham, C.H., Graves, G.R., Jønsson, K.A., Nogués-Bravo, D., Wang, Z., Whittaker, R.J., Fjeldså, J. & C. Rahbek (2013) : Response to comment on "An update of Wallace’s zoogeographic regions of the world". - Science 341: 343.

Jeltsch, F., Bonte, D., Pe’er, G., Reineking, B., Leimgruber, P., Balkenhohl, N., Schröder, B., Buchmann, C.M., Müller, T., Blaum, N., Zurell, D., Böhning-Gaese, K., Wiegand, T., Eccard, J.A., Hofer, H., Reeg, J., Eggers, U. & S. Bauer (2013) : Integrating movement ecology with biodiversity research - exploring new avenues to address spatiotemporal biodiversity dynamics. - Movement Ecology 1: 6.

Jønsson, K.A., Fabre, P.-H., Fritz, S.A., Etienne, R.S., Ricklefs, R.E., Jørgensen, T.B., Fjeldså, J., Rahbek, C., Ericson, P-G.P., Woog, F., Pasquet, E. & M. Irestedt (2012) : Ecological and evolutionary determinants for the adaptive radiation of the Madagascan vangas. - Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 109: 6620-6625.

Jordano, P., Forget, P.-M., Lambert, J.E., Böhning-Gaese, K., Traveset, A. & S.J. Wright (2011) : Frugivores and seed dispersal: mechanisms and consequences for biodiversity of a key ecological interaction. - Biological Letters 7:321-323.

Keith, S.A., Webb, T.J., Böhning-Gaese, K., Connolly, S.R., Dulvy, N.K., Eigenbrod, F., Jones, K.E., Price, T., Redding, D.W., Owens, I.P.F. & N.J.B. Isaac (2012) : What is macroecology? - Biology Letters 8: 904-906.

Khaliq, I.*, Hof, C.*, Prinzinger, R., Böhning-Gaese, K. & M. Pfenninger (2014) : Global variation in thermal tolerances and vulnerability of endotherms to climate change. - Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 281, 20141097. (*contributed equally)

Khaliq, I., Fritz, S.A., Prinzinger, R., Pfenninger, M., Böhning-Gaese, K. & C. Hof (2015) : Global variation in thermal physiology of birds and mammals: evidence for phylogenetic niche conservatism only in the tropics. - Journal of Biogeography 42: 2187-2196.

Kirika, J. M., Böhning-Gaese, K., Dumbo, B. & N. Farwig (2010) : Reduced abundance of late-successional trees but not of seedlings in heavily compared with lightly logged sites of three East African tropical forests. - Journal of Tropical Ecology 26: 533-546.

Kissling, W.D. & M. Schleuning (2014) : Multispecies interactions across trophic levels at macroscales: retrospective and future directions. - Ecography (in press).

Kolecek, J., Schleuning, M., Burfield, I.J., Báldi, A., Böhning-Gaese, K., Devictor, V., Fernández-García, J.M., Horák, D., Van Turnhout, C.A.M., Hnatyna, O. & J. Reif (2014) : Birds protected by national legislation show improved population trends in Eastern Europe. - Biological Conservation 172: 109-116.

Laube, I., Graham, C.H. & K. Böhning-Gaese (2013) : Intra-generic species richness and dispersal ability interact to determine geographic ranges of birds. - Global Ecology and Biogeography 22: 223-232.

Laube, I., Korntheuer, H., Schwager, M., Trautmann, S., Rahbek, C. & K. Böhning-Gaese (2013) : Towards a more mechanistic understanding of traits and range sizes. - Global Ecology and Biogeography 22: 233-241.

Lawes, M.J., Fisher, D.O., Johnson, C.N., Blomberg, S.P., Frank, A.S.K., Fritz, S.A., McCallum, H., VanDerWal, J., Abbott, B.N., Legge, S., Letnic, M., Thomas, C.R., Thurgate, N., Fisher, A., Gordon, I.J. & A. Kutt (2015) : Correlates of recent declines of rodents in northern and southern Australia: habitat structure is critical. -PLoS One 10: e0130626.

Lenz, J., Fiedler, W., Caprano, T., Friedrichs, W., Gaese, B.H., Wikelski, M. & K. Böhning-Gaese (2011) : Seed- dispersal distributions by trumpeter hornbills in fragmented landscapes. - Proceedings of the Royal Society B 278: 2257-2264.

Lippok, D., Beck, S.G., Renison, D., Gallegos, S.C., Saavedra, F.V., Hensen, I. & M. Schleuning (2013) : Forest recovery of areas deforested by fire increases with elevation in the tropical Andes. - Forest Ecology and Management 295: 69-76.

Lippok, D., Beck, S.G., Renison, D., Hensen, I., Apaza Quevedo, A.E. & M. Schleuning (2014) : Topography and edge effects are more important than elevation as drivers of vegetation patterns in a neotropical montane forest. - Journal of Vegetation Science 25: 724-733.

Lippok, D., Walter, F., Hensen, I., Beck, S.G. & M. Schleuning (2013) : Effects of disturbance and altitude on soil seed banks of tropical montane forests. - Journal of Tropical Ecology 29: 523–529.

Lung, T., Peters, M.K., Farwig, N., Böhning-Gaese, K. & G. Schaab (2012) : Combining long-term land cover time series and field observations for spatially explicit predictions on changes in tropical forest biodiversity. - International Journal of Remote Sensing 33: 13-40.

Maglianesi, M.A., Blüthgen, N., Böhning-Gaese, K. & M. Schleuning (2014) : Morphological traits determine specialization and resource use in plant-hummingbird networks in the Neotropics. - Ecology, doi: 10.1890/13-2261.1

Markl, J.S., Schleuning, M., Forget, P.M., Jordano, P., Lambert, J.E., Traveset, A., Wright, S.J. & K. Böhning-Gaese (2012) : Meta-analysis of the effects of human disturbance on seed dispersal by animals. - Conservation Biology 26: 1072-1081.

Menke, S., Böhning-Gaese, K. & M. Schleuning (2012) : Plant–frugivore networks are less specialized and more robust at forest–farmland edges than in the interior of a tropical forest. - Oikos 121: 1553-1566.

Mueller, T., O’Hara, R.B., Converse, S.J., Urbanek, R.P. & W.F. Fagan (2013) : Social Learning of Migratory Performance. - Science 341: 999-1002.

Mueller, T., Dressler, G., Tucker, C.J., Pinzon, J.E., Leimgruber, P., Dubayah, R.O., Hurtt, G.C., Böhning-Gaese, K. & W.F. Fagan : Human Land-Use Practices Lead to Global Long-Term Increases in Photosynthetic Capacity. - Remote Sensing 6: 5717-5731.

Mulwa, R.K., E.L. Neuschulz, Böhning-Gaese, K. & M. Schleuning (2013) : Seasonal fluctuations of resource abundance and avian feeding guilds across forest-farmland boundaries in tropical Africa. - Oikos 122: 524-532. 

Mulwa, R.K., K. Böhning-Gaese & M. Schleuning (2012) : High bird species diversity in structurally heterogeneous farmland in western Kenya. - Biotropica 44: 801-809.

Naveen, R., Lynch, H.J., Forrest, S., Mueller, T. & M. Polito (2012) : First direct, site-wide penguin survey at Deception Island, Antarctica, suggests significant declines in breeding chinstrap penguins. - Polar Biology 35: 1879-1888.

Neuschulz E. L., I. Grass, A. Botzat, S. D. Johnson & N. Farwig (2013) : Persistence of flower visitors and pollination services of a generalist tree in modified forests. - Austral Ecology 38:374-382.

Neuschulz E.L., M. Brown & N. Farwig (2013) : Frequent bird movements across a highly fragmented landscape: the role of species traits and forest matrix. - Animal Conservation 16:170-179.

Neuschulz, E.L., Mueller, T., Bollmann, K., Gugerli, F. & K. Böhning-Gaese (2014) : Seed perishability determines the caching behavior of a food-hoarding bird. - Journal of Animal Ecology, DOI: 10.1111/1365-2656.12283

Niggemann, M., Wiegand, T., Robledo-Arnuncio, J.J. & R. Bialozyt (2012) : Marked point pattern analysis on genetic paternity data for uncertainty assessment of pollen dispersal kernels. - Journal of Ecology 100: 264-276.

Olalla-Tárraga, M.Á., McInnes, L., Bini, L.M., Diniz-Filho, J.A.F., Fritz, S.A., Hawkins, B.A., Hortal, J., Orme, C.D.L., Rahbek, C., Rodríguez, M.Á. & A. Purvis (2011) : Climatic niche conservatism and the evolutionary dynamics in species range boundaries: global congruence across mammals and amphibians. - Journal of Biogeography 38: 2237-2247.

Olson K.A., Larsen, E.A., Mueller, T., Leimgruber, P., Fuller, T.K., Schaller, G.B. & W.F. Fagan (2014) : Survival probabilities of adult Mongolian gazelles. - Journal of Wildlife Management 78: 35-41.

Pautasso, M., Böhning-Gaese, K., Clergeau, P., Cueto, V.R., Dinetti, M., Fernández-Juricic, E., Kaisanlahti-Jokimäki, M.-L., Jokimäki, J., McKinney, M.L., Sodhi, N.S., Storch, D., Tomialojc, L., Weisberg, P.J., Woinarski, J., Fuller, R.A. & E. Cantarello (2011) : Global macroecology of bird assemblages in urbanized and semi-natural ecosystems. - Global Ecology and Biogeography 20: 426-436.

Plein, M., Längsfeld, L., Neuschulz, E.L., Schultheiß, C., Ingmann, L., Töpfer, T., Böhning-Gaese, K. & M. Schleuning (2013) : Constant properties of plant-frugivore networks despite fluctuations in fruit and bird communities in space and time. - Ecology 94, 1296–1306.

Reif, J., Böhning-Gaese, K., Flade, M., Schwarz, J. & M. Schwager (2011) : Population trends of birds across the iron curtain: Brain matters. - Biological Conservation 144(10): 2524-2533.

Saavedra, F., Hensen, I., Beck, S.G., Böhning-Gaese, K., Lippok, D., Töpfer, T. & M. Schleuning (2014) : Functional importance of avian seed dispersers changes in response to human-induced forest edges in tropical seed-dispersal networks. - Oecologia, doi: 10.1007/s00442-014-3056-x

Schleuning, M., Böhning-Gaese, K., Dehling, D.M. & K.C. Burns (2014) : At a loss for birds: Insularity increases asymmetry in seed-dispersal networks. - Global Ecology and Biogeography 23: 385-394.

Schleuning, M., Becker, T., Vadillo, G.P., Hahn, T., Matthies, D. & W. Durka (2011) : River dynamics shape clonal diversity and genetic structure of an Amazonian understorey herb. - Journal of Ecology 99: 373-382.

Schleuning, M., Blüthgen, N., Flörchinger, M., Braun, J., Schaefer H.M. & K. Böhning-Gaese (2011) : Specialization and interaction strength in a tropical plant-frugivore network differ among forest strata. - Ecology 92: 26-36.

Schleuning, M., Farwig, N., Peters, M.K., Bergsdorf, T., Bleher, B., Brandl, R., Dalitz, H., Fischer, G., Freund, W., Gikungu, M.W., Hagen, M., Garcia, F.H., Kagezi, G.H., Kaib, M., Kraemer, M., Lung, T., Naumann, C.M., Schaab, G., Templin, M., Uster, D., Wägele, J.W. & K. Böhning-Gaese (2011) : Forest Fragmentation and Selective Logging Have Inconsistent Effects on Multiple Animal‐Mediated Ecosystem Processes in a Tropical Forest. - PLoS ONE 6: e27785.

Schleuning, M., Fründ, J., Klein, A.M..., Böhning-Gaese, K. et al. (2012) : Specialization of mutualistic interaction networks decreases toward tropical latitudes. - Current Biology 22: 1925-1931.

Schleuning, M., Fründ, J., Schweiger, O., Welk, E., Albrecht, J., Albrecht, M., [...], Böhning-Gaese, K., Dehling, M. [...] Hickler. T. [...] & C. Hof (2016). : Ecological networks are more sensitive to plant than to animal extinction under climate change. - Nature Communications, 7. doi: 10.1038/ncomms13965.

Schleuning, M., Ingmann, L., Strauß, R., Fritz, S.A., Dalsgaard, B., Dehling, D.M., Plein, M., Saavedra, F., Sandel, B., Svenning, J.-C., Böhning-Gaese, K. & C.F. Dormann (2014) : Ecological, historical and evolutionary determinants of modularity in weighted seed-dispersal networks. - Ecology Letters 17: 454-463.

Schleuning, M., Templin, M., Huamán, V., Vadillo, G.P., Becker,T., Durka, W., Fischer, M. & D. Matthies (2011) : Effects of inbreeding, outbreeding, and supplemental pollen on the reproduction of a hummingbird-pollinated clonal Amazonian herb. - Biotropica 43: 183-191.

Schmid, B., Chastel, O. & L. Jenni (2011) : The prolactin response to an acute stressor in relation to parental care and corticosterone in a short-lived bird, the Eurasian hoopoe. - General and Comparative Endocrinology 174: 22–29.

Stein, K., Templin, M., Hensen, I., Fischer, M., Matthies, D. & M. Schleuning (2013) : Negative effects of conspecific floral density on fruit set of two neotropical understorey plants. - Biotropica 45: 325-332.

Stevens, V.M., Whitmee, S., Le Galliard, J.-F., Clobert, J., Böhning-Gaese, K., Bonte, D., Brändle, M., Dehling, D.M., Hof, C., Trochet, A. & M. Baguette (2014) : A comparative analysis of dispersal syndromes in terrestrial and semi-terrestrial animals. - Ecology Letters 17: 1039-1052.

Stournaras, K.E., Lo, E., Böhning-Gaese, K., Cazetta, E., Dehling, D.M., Schleuning, M., Stoddard, M.C., Donoghue, M.J., Prum, R.O. & H.M. Schaefer (2013) : How colorful are fruits? Limited color diversity in fleshy fruits on local and global scales. - New Phytologist 198: 617-629.

Teitelbaum, C.S., Converse, S.J., Fagan, W.F., Böhning-Gaese, K., O’Hara, R.B., Lacey, A.E. & T. Mueller (2016) : Experience drives innovation of new migration patterns of whooping cranes in response to global change. - Nature Communications 7:12793.

Thieltges, D.W., Hof, C., Borregaard, M.K., Dehling, D.M., Brändle, M., Brandl, R. & R. Poulin (2011) : Range size patterns in European freshwater trematodes. - Ecography 34: 982-989.

Thieltges, D.W., Hof, C., Dehling, D.M., Brändle, M., Brandl, R. & R. Poulin (2011) : Host diversity and latitudinal gradients drive trematode diversity patterns in the European freshwater fauna. - Global Ecology and Biogeography 20: 675-682.

Töpfer, T., A. Gamauf & E. Haring (2011) : Utility of arsenic-treated bird skins for DNA extraction. - BMC Research Notes 4, 197: 1-8.

Tucker, C.M., Cadotte, M.W., Carvalho, S.B., Davies, J.T., Ferrier, S., Fritz, S.A., Grenyer, R., Helmus, M.R., Jin, L.S., Mooers, A.O., Pavoine, S., Purschke, O., Redding, D.W., Rosauer, D.F., Winter, M. & F. Mazel (2016) : A guide to phylogenetic metrics for conservation, community ecology and macroecology. - Biological Reviews, doi:10.1111/brv.12252.

Vohland, K., Badeck, F., Böhning-Gaese, K., Hanspach, J., Klotz, S., Kühn, I., Laube, I., Schwager, M., Trautmann, S. & W. Cramer (2011) : Schutzgebiete im Klimawandel – Risiken für Schutzgüter (Protected areas under climate change – targets at risk). - Zeitschrift für Naturschutz und Landschaftspflege 5: 204-213.
Link to Publication

Weigelt, P., Kissling, W.D., Kisel, Y., Fritz, S.A., Karger, D.N., Kessler, M., Lehtonen, S., Svenning, J.-C. & H. Kreft (2015) : Global patterns and drivers of phylogenetic structure in island floras. - Scientific reports 5: 12213.

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